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THE PERSPECTIVE FOR YEAR 2021

DELHI – A VIBRANT ECONOMY

INTRODUCTION

 

  1. Delhi, is the cap­ital of the largest demo­cracy in the world, and would be the focus of the socio-economic and polit­ical life of India. It is also a sym­bol of ancient val­ues, aspir­a­tions and is sched­uled to take its emin­ent place amongst the lead­ing cit­ies of the world. It is also the seat and growth driver for the Indian eco­nomy. The city will be a prime mover and nerve centre of ideas and actions, the seat of national gov­ernance and a centre of busi­ness, cul­ture, edu­ca­tion and sports.
  2. To keep pace and to sus­tain the tre­mend­ous growth that the coun­try, and Delhi in par­tic­u­lar has achieved, the city needs to integ­rate its his­tory, the great past and the mod­ern aspir­a­tions and devel­op­ments reflec­ted around, into one integ­rated policy doc­u­ment, which encom­passes the polit­ical, socio-economic, the envir­on­ment, the cul­tural and the glob­al­iz­ing atti­tude and aspir­a­tions of the people.
  3. Infrastructure, irre­spect­ive of the seg­ment, has to be developed at an unpre­ced­en­ted pace, and invest­ments tar­geted accordingly.
  4. The corner­stone for any devel­op­ment, at this scale and crit­ical mass has to be the plan­ning and the track­ing of the imple­ment­a­tion. Every agency involved, be it the gov­ern­mental agen­cies, the private insti­tu­tions, the cor­por­ate houses, the NGOs, the ser­vices – both urban, rural, ter­tiary & local have to have one beacon of policy guideline bestow­ing them to a com­mon direction.
  5. Delhi needs to be evolved and developed into a world class city, and spe­cial emphasis to be placed on phys­ical infra­struc­ture and mod­ern outlook.

 

VISION

Vision-2021, the guid­ing prin­ciple for the frame­work, for­mu­la­tion and sub­sequent / forth­com­ing rol­lout / imple­ment­a­tion of the Master Plan– Delhi 2021 is to make “Delhi a global met­ro­polis and a world-class city”, wherein people resources would have con­du­cive atmo­sphere and infra­struc­ture to con­duct them­selves in pro­duct­ive work with a bet­ter qual­ity of life, liv­ing in a sus­tain­able envir­on­ment. This will, amongst other things, neces­sit­ate plan­ning and action to meet the chal­lenge of pop­u­la­tion growth and in– migra­tion into Delhi; pro­vi­sion of adequate hous­ing, par­tic­u­larly for the weaker sec­tions of the soci­ety; address­ing the prob­lems of small enter­prises, par­tic­u­larly in the unor­gan­ized informal sec­tor; deal­ing with the issue of slums, up-gradation of old and dilap­id­ated areas of the city; pro­vi­sion of adequate infra­struc­ture ser­vices; con­ser­va­tion of the envir­on­ment; pre­ser­va­tion of Delhi’s her­it­age and blend­ing it with the new and com­plex mod­ern pat­terns of devel­op­ment; and doing all this within a frame­work of sus­tain­able devel­op­ment, public-private and com­munity par­ti­cip­a­tion and a spirit of own­er­ship and a sense of belong­ing among its citizens.

THE GENESIS AND BASIS OF THE DELHI MASTER PLAN

Post the inde­pend­ence of India, the pro­cess of planned devel­op­ment of the National Capital of India star­ted with the enact­ment of the Delhi Development Act 1957, fol­lowed by the pro­mul­ga­tion of the Master Plan of Delhi in 1962 (MPD-62).

The MPD-62 out­lined the broad vis­ion for the macro & micro level devel­op­ment of Delhi, with a view to real­iz­ing the devel­op­ment agenda, in line with the vis­ion of the devel­op­ment of the cap­ital of the coun­try. An over­all devel­op­ment through large scale acquis­i­tion of land, and devel­op­ment of resources was also for­mu­lated. Since it was the early stages of the growth of the Indian eco­nomy, most devel­op­ment was envis­aged to be pub­lic sec­tor led & driven. Development through the private sec­tor was not con­cep­tu­al­ized, on a mass scale. At that early stage, the pro­cess of planned devel­op­ment had little role for the private sec­tor, both in the hous­ing as well as the infra­struc­ture. Cut to today, there is an impend­ing need for a PPP model of development.

The Master Plan for Delhi 2001 (MPD-2001) takes into account the above, and tries to evolve and develop a more inclus­ive devel­op­ment model, in both the hous­ing as well as infra­struc­tural sec­tors. The land use plans, the zonal plans and the lay­out plans are reflect­ive of this line of thought.

The some­what skewed and sketched devel­op­ment of Delhi over the pre­ced­ing few years can be attrib­uted to the growth in pop­u­la­tion to 138 lakhs, against the pro­jec­tion of 128 lakhs, under the MPD 2001. This growth wasn’t factored in for shel­ter, as well as the suf­foc­a­tion of the resources of infra­struc­ture & facilities.

Some of these above issues were raised and con­sidered as dir­ec­tions for the policy guidelines for the Delhi mas­ter plan 2021, as below:

i. Review of the scheme of large scale devel­op­ment and acquis­i­tion and its rel­ev­ance in the present context

ii. Alternative options for devel­op­ment of areas iden­ti­fied for urb­an­iz­a­tion in MPD-2021

iii. Evolving a sys­tem under which plan­ning for, and pro­vi­sion of basic infra­struc­ture could take place sim­ul­tan­eously with ref­er­ence to (i) and (ii) above;

iv. Involving the private sec­tor in the assembly and devel­op­ment of land and pro­vi­sion of infra­struc­ture services.

The chal­lenges of the phe­nomenon of unplanned growth of unau­thor­ized colon­ies and jhuggi clusters were also taken into con­sid­er­a­tion. It was recog­nised that this real­ity will have to be dealt with not only in its present mani­fest­a­tion, but also in terms of future growth and proliferation.

The phe­nom­enal growth of vehicle traffic in Delhi was another con­cern area accoun­ted for, and the issues like con­ges­tion, pol­lu­tion, park­ing, safety of travel etc. also need to be addressed. Due thought was afforded to it too.

The aspect of redevel­op­ment and dens­i­fic­a­tion of the exist­ing urban areas of Delhi is an import­ant com­pon­ent of the New Delhi mas­ter plan.

It aims to address issues like:

a) Accommodating a lar­ger population

b) Strengthening of infrastructure

c) Creation of more open spaces

d) Redevelopment of con­ges­ted areas

METHODOLOGY ADOPTED FOR PLAN PREPARATION

  • A fair and demo­cratic pro­ced­ure is under­stood to have been under­taken while the draft plans for the Delhi mas­ter plan (MPD-2021) was being pre­pared. Detrailed con­sulta­tions were under­stood to have been under­taken with the pub­lic, the pub­lic rep­res­ent­at­ives, the government(s), local bod­ies, pub­lic sec­tor agen­cies, res­id­ent wel­fare asso­ci­ations, non-profit agen­cies, pro­fes­sional bod­ies and groups etc.
  • In 2003, the Ministry of Urban devel­op­ment issued guidelines and activ­ated the think tank for the pre­par­a­tion of the MPD 2021. It emphas­ised the emer­ging need to explore altern­ate meth­ods of land assembly, private sec­tor par­ti­cip­a­tion, and flex­ible land use and devel­op­ment norms.
  • The reports of earlier stud­ies under­taken (12) by expert groups com­pris­ing from import­ant sec­tors like hous­ing, demo­graphy, infra­struc­ture, envir­on­ment con­ser­va­tion, trans­port­a­tion, industry — trade and com­merce etc. were also considered.
  • Various sem­inars were organ­ised wherein par­ti­cip­a­tion was encour­aged from trade bod­ies, rep­res­ent­at­ives, local bod­ies and NGOs.
  • Various present­a­tions were made by the DDA, regard­ing the draft mas­ter plan of Delhi to the stake­hold­ers, includ­ing policy makers and vari­ous com­mit­tees. Interest groups like law­yers, prac­tion­ers of chartered account­ancy, traders & industry rep­res­ent­at­ives, res­id­ents, wel­fare asso­ci­ations also made rep­res­ent­a­tions, which were con­sidered for the draft plan of Delhi mas­ter plan – 2021.
  • The Draft Master Plan was noti­fied for invit­ing pub­lic objec­tions and sug­ges­tions through Gazette Notification in March’ 2005 and notices were pub­lished in news­pa­pers in April’ 2005.
  • A large num­ber of responses, both objec­tions and sug­ges­tions to the draft mas­ter plan of Delhi were received. (estim­ated at approx. 7000 nos)
  • The board of enquiry met on many occa­sions to accord utmost atten­tion to the objec­tions to the draft mas­ter pan, and in many cases, also accor­ded per­sonal hear­ings to the sug­ges­tions and objections.
  • The revised mas­ter plan of Delhi was reviewed on many occa­sions between 2006 – 2007, before it was sent to the Ministry of urban devel­op­ment, for con­sid­er­a­tion of approval.
  • The final approval was accor­ded, in the present form, after dues con­sid­er­a­tion of all the factors.